Topic: Locke and Rousseau
Subject: Political Science
Paper type: Research Paper
Language: English (U.S.)
Answer all three questions. Use the author’s language to make your points – cite the text with some frequency. When you quote from the text please include page numbers.Compose your essays in the following manner: introduce the question, provide a summary of the main points, then identify which issues you will address in your answer (what’s your point of view) and why you feel it is significant. Be specific, detailed and clear in your answers. Each answer should be about two pages. It’s up to you how long you want to make your answers. 1. From Locke (Social Contract Theory:Second Treatise), why does civil society form? What rights do individual’s give up and which rights to the keep (gain)? What is Locke’s understanding of property? On what basis can a person claim to own something? 2. Consider Rousseau (Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality among Men) on human progress (Part Two, page 288). What does he describe? What are the effects of this process (positive/negative)? What are the sources of inequality? To what does Rousseau attribute the origins of inequality in political society? What do you think about Rousseau’s general description of man in society? Please quote or cite the resource from Social Contract Theory:Second Treatise and Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality among Men. And I post the page 288. Each question 2 page
Therefore, these rights are intended to protect the natural rights of the people because the violation of such rights means that the social contract is broken. According to Locke, property is the most fundamental natural right that people must have in addition to the freedom of thought, speech, and religion. Therefore, it is upon the owner to decide what to do with the property provided their actions do not interfere with the rights of others. As such, man will always promote the fundamental public good to protect property while encouraging commerce. Indeed, man should own property to help him counteract future changes that result in situations characterized by barren years, long and hard summers, as well as hot summers. ...